In-vitro fertilization (IVF) is an expensive process and although success rates are rising, often a woman needs to undergo more than one IVF cycle to achieve a pregnancy. IVF doctors must try to find a balance between retrieving enough eggs to give a couple a reasonable chance of obtaining a pregnancy and running the risk of potentially creating so many embryos that many are destined to remain unused by the couple that created them. In a bid to reduce the rate of multiple pregnancies many IVF doctors are implanting less and less embryos. Multiple pregnancies typically result in premature births, lower birth weights and statistically higher rates of neonatal problems.Hence, infertile couples are often faced with the dilemma of what to do with their remaining frozen embryos. Unlike England, where a deadline for storage of frozen embryos was implemented, the United States has no criteria for disposal. There are numerous website articles regarding the issue of the ethical issues of frozen embryos and these can easily be found by doing a Google/Yahoo search on such phrases as: embryos disposal or remaining frozen embryos.However the fact that there is so much information on the Internet regarding the disposition of remaining frozen embryos has prompted our couples to contact us and ask for our input. The ethical question of what to do with remaining frozen embryos once you feel your family is complete, remains unsolved for many couples. Below is a brief overview of our research, (from talking to colleagues in the field to surfing the web to reading books to talking to couples in our program). We hope this is of help to you:There are 5 options to be considered by couples:
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